What Is Panel Variance? (Answered)

Panel Variance is one of those terms we often hear about when it comes to buying a new monitor. It is important that you have a basic understanding of panel variance and know what it affects or does when you are buying a brand-new monitor for your setup. You will notice that the panel variance can even be different on identical monitors.

Panel variance is a broader concept, which refers to how panels are different from one another depending on certain factors. Each panel will have a few variable features that often include contrast ratio, brightness, color gamut, and accuracy. Additional things like the refresh rate will also slightly vary from one another.

To better understand the concept of panel variance, we will need to break them down into smaller chunks to help you grasp how these concepts would affect your monitor and what you could do. Many people might refer to it as panel variance depending on the different features that would suggest buying a panel is like playing the lottery.

Which Aspects Affect Panel Variance?

There are a few set features that we look at before we buy a new panel. These are what would essentially affect the panel variance between different panels. The following are some of the most common features that would affect the panel and the different features that make them stand out.

Contrast Ratio

The contrast ratio refers to the ratio between the brightest white spot and the darkest black spot on your monitor. The contrast ratio of 1000:1 is often given, but this is the round number. However, your panel might have a slightly better or slightly worse contrast ratio. These won’t be noticeable.

Color Accuracy & Gamut

When it comes to the colors on display, they might all be very similar, but also different at the same time. The color accuracy is often calibrated inside the factory, which means there could be minor discrepancies between each monitor, even if they are from the same brand. You might have a specified color gamut of 99%, but it is 96%. As you can see, it is hard to notice this.

Screen Uniformity

The other area where the differences are often found is screen uniformity. The brightness might be perfect across the monitor and this would affect the screen. However, the areas where the brightness is lacking are not the same for all monitors. Some might lack this in the corners, whereas others could lack the issue closer to the center.


No matter which panel you buy, you will find that there are a few differences, even when they have the same numbers on the label. These are hard to notice by normal individuals and often don’t have any bearing on the performance. Let us know in the comment section if you have managed to deal with panel variance.

This article was last updated on October 23, 2022 .

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By Adam

The Display Blog staff account. We know display.